"American Indian SFP program curriculum was developed on a CSAP Children of Substance Abusing Parents (COSAPs) grant headed by Dr. Collette Evans at Idaho State University She has a doctoral degree from the University of Utah and studied with Dr. Kumpfer. The cultural modifications of SFP were made and tested at Fort Hall on the Shoshone-Bannock Indian reservation. The program follows the basic format of SFP, but added culturally-specific elements that matched the objectives of the sessions. For instance, the opening was changed to a prayer or smudge by tribal elder to call for the blessings of the Creator on the group. The Family Meetings were changed to Family Talking Circles with a talking stick passed to the speaker to assure only one person speaks at a time. The parent and children's sessions were also conducted as Talking Circles. Flute and drum music was added to the stress management session for the parents and kids as well as the graduations. Stories were changed and new ones added to be more culturally sensitive as was examples of parenting practices. The trainers had to ask parents to share, because individuals are not supposed to stand out or answer questions right away, but it was ok to respond if asked to by name. Recruitment was slow and difficult. Gaining trust by the tribe takes time. Maintaining qualified staff is also a problem in Indian community with people moving to other places."
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