"Phase I of our approach, all recruited parents participated in a three session motivational interview (Indian Family Wellness Assessment, IFWA; Dionne & Dishion, 1998) designed to help parents recognize (a) the ways in which the intergenerational transmission of parenting knowledge has been disrupted as a function of historical traumas, (b) the impact of historical trauma and ongoing injustices on parenting, (c) the strengths that continue forward through the generations despite this history, and (d) their responsibility to bring forward strength and adapt parenting approaches to protect their children from societal illnesses. Motivational interviewing techniques can serve two functions, motivating participation and facilitating change (Miller & Rollnick, 2002). In the current study, the IFWA was included for its motivational value in engaging AI parents into research;hence, it was conducted with participants in both conditions. Phase II, the intervention phase of our approach, was offered to those randomly assigned to the intervention condition and involved interventionists drawing connections between the skills taught in the IY intervention sessions and traditional American Indian beliefs, values, and traditions. Moreover, parents were encouraged to consider Pan-Indian and family-speciﬁc values in choosing target behaviors and intervention strategies. The current investigation represents the ﬁrst step in evaluating our cultural approach and examines the efﬁcacy and acceptability of the culturally linked IY, Phase II intervention."
Retrieved from Dionne, R., Davis, B., Sheeber, L., & Madrigal, L. (2009). Initial evaluation of a cultural approach to implementation of evidence‐based parenting interventions in American Indian communities. Journal of Community Psychology, 37(7), 911-921.