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Apsaalooke Positive Indian Parenting (APIP)

Positive Indian Parenting

Apsaalooke Positive Indian Parenting (APIP) adapts the Positive Indian Parenting (PIP) curriculum to Apsaalooke culture and history.

"The APIP utilizes the Apsaalooke way of life to design a Apsaalooke PIP curriculum utilizing a similar model as NICWA, however applying Apsaalooke Culture, Values and Beliefs in the 8 training sessions. The Apsaalooke PIP developed a program that instructs parents in the culture and history of the Apsaalooke Nation along with the Apsaalooke Parenting Techniques pasted down from generation.

"Designed to provide a brief, practical culturally specific training program for Apsaalooke parents to explore the values and attitudes expressed in traditional Indian child‐treating practices and then to apply those values to modern skills in parenting."

Retrieved from…


“Apsaalooke parents are able to learn parenting skills through the knowledge of their culture and history of the Apsaalooke way of life. This model has been viewed as more successful than other approaches used in the past.”

“In 2010 the total number of adults registered in the APIP were 82 and 79 successfully completed the program . There were 5 out of the 82 that returned  to completed the program. In 2011 the total number of adults registered in the APIP were 68 and 65 successfully completed the program. There were 3 out of the 68 that returned to complete the program.” From

The Positive Indian Parenting (PIP) program, which APIP is based upon, was used in four of the six tribal Regional Partnership Grantees (RPGs) of SAMHSA’s National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare (2007-2012); PIP “helped parents regain a connection with their culture. The curriculum blends the strengths of historic Indian child-rearing patterns and values with modern skills.” From: “Regional Partnership Grant (Rpg) Program: Final Synthesis And Summary Report,”

Tribally created
  • Child
  • Community
  • Family
  • Tribe
  • Lack of access to prenatal support/Lack of social or parental pregnancy support
  • Low self esteem
  • Social isolation
  • Substance abuse
  • Build trust and confidence in community
  • Family cohesion
  • Involvement in positive activities
  • Knowledge of parenting and child development
  • Parental resilience
  • Parental self-esteem
  • Relational skills
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social and emotional competence
  • Connecting with cultural resources
  • Cultural identity/sense of belonging to cultural group
  • Cultural teachings
  • Ethnic pride/self-esteem
  • Expressing Native identity
  • Family commitment, safe and healthy relationships
  • Hope/looking forward/optimism
  • Increasing coping skills
  • Life cycle events/traditional activities/practices
  • Native language
  • Personal capacities
  • Spiritual practice/knowledge/ceremony
  • Spiritual values/well-being