Prevention. Intervention. Respect.
Tipis in a field

Effect of a paraprofessional home-visiting intervention on American Indian teen mothers’ and infants’ behavioral risks: a randomized controlled trial.

The authors sought to examine the effectiveness of Family Spirit, a paraprofessional-delivered, home-visiting pregnancy and early childhood intervention,in improving American Indian teen mothers’ parenting outcomes and mothers’and children’s emotional and behavioral functioning 12 months postpartum.

Barlow A; Mullany B; Neault N; Compton S; Carter A; Hastings R; Billy T; Coho-Mescal V; Lorenzo S; Walkup JT
The American Journal Of Psychiatry
American Psychiatric Association
Journal Article
Arizona; Affective Symptoms prevention & control; Affective Symptoms psychology; Child Abuse ethnology; Child Abuse prevention & control; Child Behavior Disorders ethnology; Child Behavior Disorders prevention & control; House Calls; Indians, North American psychology; Parenting ethnology; Parenting psychology; Pregnancy in Adolescence psychology; Adolescent; Arizona; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Internal-External Control; Male; Maternal Behavior ethnology; Maternal Behavior psychology; Pregnancy; Risk Assessment; Safety; Self Efficacy; Adolescent: 13-18 years; Infant: 1-23 months; Infant, Newborn: birth-1 month; All Infant: birth-23 months; All Child: 0-18 years; All Child: 0-18 years; Female; Male
Tribal Creation
  • Child
  • Family
  • OTHER (Specify)
  • teenage/young parent(s)
  • unplanned pregnancy
parenting skills